These days, in contemporary society before getting a baby in the car parents have to know when their infants can sit in the vehicle seat. Inexperienced parents need to travel each day since all around the globe the urbanization has created gigantic distances. This article will introduce some valuable guidance about children sit in the car seat based on the psychology of development we can emphasize that babies during their first year of life face a set of challenges.
After their born, they need to challenge the air and the gravity pressure. After that, they need to socialize with a new taste of foods, to hold their neck and head up, to adapt to their motor development.
In this case, new parents need to stimuli their babies to challenge gravity pressure and to stay in a sitting position. This will be a period of rapid change for most babies. Babies will be learning many new motor skills. Here are some things parents can do to help their babies’ development in this area:
- Head and neck control
- When using a rear-facing seat, keep the following tips in mind:
- What do I do if my child slouches down or to the side in the car seat?
- Do preemies need a special car seat?
- Car Seats
- Further reading
Head and neck control
Hold the baby upright – Parents can hold their babies upright for a few minutes at a time, supporting their heads at first, until they have the neck strength to hold their heads steady.
Use carrier packs – Parents can carry their babies in carrier packs as soon as they have adequate head control.
Upward stimulation- Parents can place their babies on their stomachs, then hold or shake something interesting above them. Babies will naturally look up toward the sound. This can also be done by making an interesting noise above babies’ heads.
Sitting is a skill that children will be working on during the period from about six to eight months. At first, babies will only be able to sit alone, unsupported, for a few seconds at a time. Slowly these periods will grow longer. By nine months of age or so, most babies will probably be able to sit without support for long periods. Here are some ways to encourage sitting:
*Hold in sitting positions. Parents can hold their babies in sitting positions, supporting their heads and necks if needed.
*Prop them up. Parents can prop their babies in sitting positions in a soft, safe place.
*Sit them on the floor. Parents can put their babies in sitting positions on the floor with their legs open and their hands in front of the floor between their legs. Hold in this position for a few seconds (if they need the support).
*Pull them into position. Parents can gently pull their babies from lying to sitting positions (this exercise also encourages head/neck control).
When using a rear-facing seat, keep the following tips in mind:
- Place the harnesses in your rear-facing seat in slots that are at or below your child’s shoulders.
- Ensure that the harness is snug (you cannot pinch any slack between your fingers when testing the harness straps over the child’s shoulders) and that the retainer clip is placed at the center of the chest, even with your child’s armpits.
- Make sure the car safety seat is installed tightly in the vehicle with either lower anchors or a locked seat belt. If you can move the seat at the belt path more than an inch side to side or front to back, it’s not tight enough.
- Never place a rear-facing seat in the front seat of a vehicle that has an active front passenger airbag. If the airbag inflates, it will hit the back of the car safety seat, right against your child’s head, and could cause serious injury or death.
- If you are using a convertible or all-in-one seat in the rear-facing position, make sure the seat belt or lower anchor webbing is routed through the correct belt path. Check the instructions that came with the car safety seat to be sure.
- Make sure the seat is at the correct angle so your child’s head does not flop forward. Check the instructions to find out the correct angle for your seat and how to adjust the angle if needed. All rear-facing seats have built-in recline indicators.
- Check the car safety seat instructions and vehicle owner’s manual about whether the car safety seat may contact the back of the vehicle seat in front of it.
What do I do if my child slouches down or to the side in the car seat?
- You can try placing a tightly rolled receiving blanket on both sides of your child. Many manufacturers allow the use of a tightly rolled small diaper or cloth between the crotch strap and your child, if necessary, to prevent slouching. Do not place padding under or behind your child or use any sort of car safety seat insert unless it came with the seat or was made by the manufacturer for use with that specific seat.
Do preemies need a special car seat?
A car safety seat should be approved for a baby’s weight. Very small babies who can sit safely in a semi-reclined position usually fit better in rear-facing–only seats. Babies born preterm should be screened while still in the hospital to make sure they can sit safely in a semi-reclined position. Babies who need to lie flat during travel should ride in a car bed that meets Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 213. They should be screened again while in the hospital to make sure they can lie safely in the car bed.
Children should use rear-facing car seats in the back seat until at least age 2 and for as long as possible (even up to age 4) to the rear-facing height and weight limits for the seat. If your car seat has a rear-facing weight limit of 22 pounds or less, you should change to a convertible car seat with higher rear-facing limits and keep rear-facing for longer. Leg crowding is expected and okay. It does not cause harm as long as the child is within the weight and height limits for the seat.
A car seat used correctly can save your baby’s life. Car crashes are the most common injury to children.
Follow these tips when choosing the right car seat for your baby:
• Check the car seat label for the date of manufacture and expiry date. If the expiry date is not on the seat, read the car seat manual to find the expiration date. Note that expiration dates change from seat to seat.
• Make sure the car seat has not been involved in a car crash or dropped from a height of one meter (3 feet) or more.
• You must have all its parts and the instructions on how to use it and install it.
• It must display a National Safety Mark.
• Make sure the car seat is in good condition:
– Free of cracks or chips in the molded plastic.
– Free of warping, rust, or broken rivets in the frame.
– Free of cuts, frayed edges, or broken stitches in the harness straps.
– Free of rips in the seat’s padding.
– All the harness buckles work properly.
Using a Car Seat:
• Place your baby in a rear-facing car seat.
• Read the instructions to find out how to properly install your car seat.
• The safest place is in the back seat, but may not be the middle depending on the model of the vehicle. If the back middle seat has access to the trunk or does have UAS clips, for example, it may be better to place the car seat behind the passenger or driver. The passenger side is recommended as it is curbside when the car is parked along a street.
NSM sample – the unique number assigned. The car seat’s harness straps and buckles are supposed to be snug.
• Ensure that when secured, the harness strap cannot be pinched more than one inch at the baby’s collar bone.
• The chest clip should be at your baby’s armpit level.
• Read the car seat manual to find out how they carry handle should be positioned in the vehicle for proper installation.
• Change the car seat when your baby has reached the limits as outlined in the car seat manual.
- For an excellent challenge to the myth of bonding please see Diane Eyer, Mother Infant-Bonding: Scientific Fiction, (New Haven: Yale University Press. 1992).
- National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, “Sudden Infant Death Syndrome,” April 1997.
- The Hawk Eye (August 28, 1997).
- “The Family Bed: Sleeping with the Young & the Restless, “Forward(Aug. 9, 1996).